Throughout history environmental exploitation was conducted in several zones on the island of Korčula, and also on the nearby smaller islands. Between the hills of volcanic rocks lay numerous sites along the South and South-East side of the island. To the eye of the dubious observer or curious researcher the overall landscape has been severely affected by extensive and organized stone cutting, dating all the way back to Antiquity.
In the Middle Ages and later on, stone exploitation bloomed, as shown by material evidence and numerous inscriptions and documents, such as the Statute of Korčula town-state, dating from the year 1214. a found excerpt of the famous Statute states that “everyone who exports the stone from the island of Korčula is obliged to report it to the government and note down in the municipal office, just as every foreigner who exports the stone is obliged for every 100 modijasol in weight to give 1 golden ducat”.
At that time when Korčula town-state was established, numerous stone-cutting workshops were opened eventually forming the so-called Dubrovnik – Korčula school of architecture and stonemasonry. The stone was intensely exploited for the needs of building the city of Dubrovnik but was also extensively exported to Zadar, Kotor, Venice and Istanbul. The small island, rich in such precious material became famous for stonemasonary, urbanism and architecture, spreading its influence around the Mediterranean through extensive trade. The dynamics and amount of connections established through trade is still poorly researched, but there is much physical evidence that the island resources played a significant role in the development of cities across the region and further, through maintaining the good relations with both Christian West and Islamic East (the Otoman Empire). Undoubtedly, the island potentiated the trade and good relations with the church, enabling an enormous amount of temples to be built. Even more intriguing than the Middle Ages, there are physical traces of stone exploitation by the Romans, and even further into the past when Greek colonization of the island took place. From that time there remain material traces that the stone was used for Antique ornamentation, statues and monuments. And to wrap up the thrill, there is physical evidence obtained through an archaeological excavation that took place at one of the indentations (a hand-cut rift), where a prehistoric stone hammer was found.